Health-Related Quality of Life and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Political Prisoners of the Former GDR
Weißflog G, Klinitzke G, Hinz A.
Universität Leipzig, Department für Psychische Gesundheit, Selbstständige Abteilung für Medizinische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie, Leipzig.
Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol. 2010 Jun 16.
PURPOSE: Political persecution was and is a reality in our world. The study investigated effects of political imprisonment in the former German Democratic Republic on the current health-related quality of life and on the existence of a post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: A sample of 157 former political prisoners was surveyed with a questionnaire containing the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the IES-R.
RESULTS: Former political prisoners of the GDR reported a lower quality of life than the general population. There is no consistent impact of imprisonment-related variables (e. g. duration of imprisonment) on health-related quality of life. At least, based on questionnaire data it can be estimated that 50% of the people in the sample suffer from a PTSD. CONCLUSION: The results provide further evidence that former political prisoners suffer from the traumatic experience of political persecution also in a long term.