PTSD: Posttraumatic Suicide Disorder?
Marco Sarchiapone, Sanja Temnik, Federica Limongi, Vladimir Carli
University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy; University of Primorska, Koper, Slovenia; Leonardo Foundation for Medical Science, General Hospital, Abano Terme, Italy
Terror and Suicide. Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2009, 167 pages.
It seems logical: A traumatic experience means stress; this psychological pressure leads to the development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, also known as PTSD; and PTSD leads an individual to commit suicide. But the relationship between stress, PTSD and suicide risk is, be it un- or fortunately, not that easy to define. The pathways between these phenomena are far more complex and multidimensional. In order to be able to identify and define them adequately, a wide bio-psycho-social spectrum of variables and factors needs to be considered. In this chapter, we focus on the association between PTSD and suicide risk, with the aim to present this linkage as multi-factorial and interplay-oriented as possible. As people with PTSD represent a risk group in terms of poorer (mental and somatic) health, lower psychological and sociological adjustment, as well as overall reduced quality of life, this population certainly deserves special attention, when it comes to suicidality.