Immigration and Mental Health: Stress, Psychiatric Disorders and Suicidal Behavior Among Immigrants and Refugees
Immigrants’ voyages to a new land have been among the most exciting and noble of human endeavors. It is the amazing courage to flee oppression, to leave behind everything that is familiar, and to chance the hostility of a completely alien culture in order to find freedom, opportunity, and a better life. Immigrants are moving to a new country for the best of motives: the desire to improve their lives; the urge to leave countries whose governments they could not abide; and the willingness to work for another country where individuals can live in freedom and dignity. Many and many immigrants and refugees, including Albert Einstein, Ernst Boris Chain, Selman Abraham Waksman, Enrico Fermi, Sigmund Freud, Eric Fromm, Bertold Brecht, Jean Gabin, Charles de Gaulle, Thomas Mann, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, François-Marie Arouet (Voltaire), and Victor Hugo have made a remarkable contribution to the welfare and happiness of mankind.
Immigrants often face difficulty adjusting to their new home in a new country for many reasons, including coping with trauma experienced in their native country, overcoming cultural and language barriers, and encountering discrimination. This can lead to severe and long-lasting psychological and behavioral problems, including depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, and a high risk for suicide. The effects of immigration on psychological and social well-being are especially profound for certain populations, including children, women, individuals with disabilities, and those with limited financial resources. Many immigrants are often forced to take low-qualified jobs, even though they have the training and education for professional jobs. They cannot sustain their former economic and social status, which can lead to psychological distress. Despite the critical need for mental health services, immigrants face significant obstacles to receiving quality mental health care including financial difficulties, the lack of culturally- and linguistically-appropriate services, and mistrust of mental health providers.
The results of the most recent research studies related to immigration and mental health will be presented in the book, “Immigration and Mental Health: Stress, Psychiatric Disorders and Suicidal Behavior Among Immigrants and Refugees”. This book will be of interest to physicians, psychologists, mental health counselors, sociologists, politicians, social workers, public health administrators, medical, psychology and sociology students, and lay people.
Publisher: Nova Science Publishers (2010)
Editors: Leo Sher and Alexander Vilens
Table of Contents:
Part I. Suicidal behavior
Chapter 1. A model of suicidal behavior among immigrants with psychiatric disorders
Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York, USA
Chapter 2. Immigration and suicide: an overview
Brian Greenfield1 and Londa Daniel2.
1McGill University Faculty of Medicine and Montreal Children’s Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; 2Concordia University, Irvine, California, USA
Chapter 3. Immigrants and suicidal behavior: the role of gender
Diana van Bergen1 and Sawitri Saharso2.
1The Netherlands Institute for Social Research, The Hague, The Netherlands; 2VU University Amsterdam and University Twente, The Netherlands
Chapter 4. Suicidal behavior among Hispanic immigrants in the United States
Guilherme Borges1,3, Liliana Mondragón1 and Joshua Breslau2.
1National Institute of Psychiatry, México, México; 2UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, USA; 3Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, México City, México
Chapter 5. Suicidality and Acculturation in Hispanic Adolescents
Andres J. Pumariega1, Eugenio M. Rothe2, Jeffrey Swanson3, Charles E. Holzer4, Arthur O. Linskey5 and Ruben Quintero-Salinas6.
1Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; 1The Reading Hospital, Reading, Pennsylvania, USA; 2Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA; 3Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA; 4University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA; 5University of Texas-Pan American, Edinburg, Texas, USA; 6Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas, Matamoros, Mexico
Chapter 6. Suicide amongst Britain’s immigrant population: data sources, analytical approaches, and main findings
Peter J Aspinall.
University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, UK
Chapter 7. The effects of Immigration on the mental health of adolescents: depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, delinquent and suicidal behavior among Immigrant youth
Dana Galler1,2 and Leo Sher1.
1Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York, USA; 2Yeshiva University, Stern College for Women, New York, New York, USA
Part II. Acculturation and mental health
Chapter 8. Acculturation and mental disorders among immigrants
Michael G. Madianos.
University of Athens and Behavioral Sciences School of Health Sciences, Athens, Greece
Chapter 9. Immigration, psychosocial factors and psychological distress, with focus on perceived control and social integration
Odd Steffen Dalgard.
Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
Chapter 10. Depression among Latinos in the United States
Patricia Gonzalez1 and Monica Rosales2.
1San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA; 2City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California, USA
Chapter 11. Acculturation, acculturative stress, and depression among Haitians in the United States
Guerda Nicolas, Darren Bernal and Seth T. Christman.
University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA
Chapter 12. Changes in the Psychological Well-Being of Immigrants: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study of Immigrant Adolescents Including the Pre-Migration Period
School of Social Work at Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel
Chapter 13. Mental Health Problems among Immigrants in Israel
Alexander M. Ponizovsky.
Mental Health Services, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, Israel
Chapter 14. Epidemiology of mental health problems among immigrants. Case of Korean immigrants in Brazil
Sam Chun-Kang1, Denise Razzouk1, Jair J. de Mari1, Itiro Shirakawa1 and Luiza Beth Alonso2
1Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; 2Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil
Chapter 15. Successful Use of Mental Health Migration Models: The New Zealand Experience
Massey University, New Zealand
Part III. Substance abuse
Chapter 16. Substance Use Disorder among Immigrants in the United States
Sun S Kim1, David Kalman1,2, Gerardo Gonzales1 and Douglas Ziedonis1.
1University Of Massachusetts School of Medicine, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA; 2Edith Nourse Memorial Veterans Administration Medical Center, Bedford, Massachusetts, USA
Chapter 17. Alcohol Drinking and Treatment among Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU) in Israel: Review of Recent Publications January 2007-June 2009
Alcohol Research Unit, Nahariya, Israel
Part IV. Miscellaneous
Chapter 18. The Motives for Migration
Michal Sabah and Barbara S. Okun.
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
Chapter 19. The social and cultural context of immigration and stress
Katie Vasey and Lenore Manderson.
School of Psychology, Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, and School of Political and Social Inquiry, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
Chapter 20. Post-traumatic stress disorder: Integration of biological and psychosocial aspects
María Dolores Braquehais1 and Leo Sher2.
1Vall d’Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain; 2Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York, USA
Chapter 21. Impulsivity: a new concept for an old idea
María Dolores Braquehais.
Vall d’Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain
Chapter 22. Not Just Another Pretty Face: The Cross-Cultural Perception and Social Ramifications of Facial Attractiveness
Yeshiva University, Stern College for Women, New York, New York, USA
Chapter 23. About the Editors